# Runelang: Evaluation

As they say, life is what happens when you’re making other plans. But I’m back, so let’s talk some more about Runelang. In the interest of not dragging on months without finishing, we’re going to go ahead and push through the rest of the project. Onward!

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# Runelang: The Parser (Part 2: Expressions)

Earlier this week, we started parsing, getting through groups, nodes, params, and lists. A pretty good start, but it also leaves out two very powerful things (expressions and defines), one of which we absolutely do need to start actually evaluating things: expressions. Since we use them in every param, we pretty much need to know how to parse them, so let’s do it!

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# Runelang: The Parser (Part 1)

I’m still here! And less sick now.

Last time(s), we described and lexed) Runelang! This time around, let’s take the lexed tokens and go one step further and parse them!

So, how do we go about this? With a recursive descent parser!

• Start with a list/stream of tokens
• Using the first k (in a LL(k) parser) elements of the list, identify which sort of object we are parsing (a group / identifier / literal / expression / etc)
• Call a parsing function for that object type (parseGroup etc) that will:
• Recursively parse the given object type (this may in turn call more parse functions)
• Advance the token stream ‘consuming’ any tokens used in this group so the new ‘first’ element is the next object

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# Runelang: The Lexer

Let’s LEX!

So this is actually one of the easier parts of a programming language. In this case, we need to turn the raw text of a program into a sequence of tokens / lexemes that will be easier to parse. In this case, we want to:

• Remove all whitespace and comments
• Store the row and column with the token to make debugging easier

So let’s do it!

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# Runelang: Language Specification

Previously, I wrote a post about making a DSL in Ruby that could render magic circles/runes. It worked pretty well. I could turn things like this:

rune do
scale 0.9 do
circle
polygon 7
star 14, 3
star 7, 2
children 7, scale: 1/8r, offset: 1 do |i|
circle
invert do
text (0x2641 + i).chr Encoding::UTF_8
end
end
end
scale 0.15 do
translate x: -2 do circle; moon 0.45 end
circle
translate x: 2 do circle; moon 0.55 end
end
end


Into this:

But… I decided to completely rewrite it. Now it’s an entirely separate language:

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