AoC 2017 Day 18: Duetvm

Source: Duet

Part 1: Create a virtual machine with the following instruction set:

  • snd X plays a sound with a frequency equal to the value of X
  • set X Y sets register X to Y
  • add X Y set register X to X + Y
  • mul X Y sets register X to X * Y
  • mod X Y sets register X to X mod Y
  • rcv X recovers the frequency of the last sound played, if X is not zero
  • jgz X Y jumps with an offset of the value of Y, iff X is greater than zero

In most cases, X and Y can be either an integer value or a register.

What is the value recovered by rcv the first time X is non-zero?

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AoC 2017 Day 17: Spinlock

Source: Spinlock1

Part 1: Start with a circular buffer containing [0] and current_position = 0. For n from 1 up to 2017:

  1. Step forward steps (puzzle input)
  2. Input the next value for n, set current_position to n, increment n
  3. Repeat

What is the value after 2017?

It’s a bit weird to describe, but the given example helps (assume steps = 3):

(0)
0 (1)
0 (2) 1
0  2 (3) 1
0  2 (4) 3  1
0 (5) 2  4  3  1
0  5  2  4  3 (6) 1
0  5 (7) 2  4  3  6  1
0  5  7  2  4  3 (8) 6  1
0 (9) 5  7  2  4  3  8  6  1

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AoC 2016 Day 11: Radiation Avoider

Source: Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators

Part 1: Input will be a list of the following form:

  • The first floor contains a hydrogen-compatible microchip and a lithium-compatible microchip.
  • The second floor contains a hydrogen generator.
  • The third floor contains a lithium generator.
  • The fourth floor contains nothing relevant.

You have an elevator that can move exactly 1 or 2 items. You can only leave a microchip on a floor with a non-matching generator if a matching generator is also present.

Move all items to the top (4th) floor.

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Palette Swapping

Today’s task comes from the Code Golf StackExchange. The idea behind code golf is to write a program with as few characters as possible, often rendering the code nigh on unreadable. Luckily, the same StackExchange also host popularity contests, one of which is the inspiration behind today’s post:

You are given two true color images, the Source and the Palette. They do not necessarily have the same dimensions but it is guaranteed that their areas are the same, i.e. they have the same number of pixels. Your task is to create an algorithm that makes the most accurate looking copy of the Source by only using the pixels in the Palette. Each pixel in the Palette must be used exactly once in a unique position in this copy. The copy must have the same dimensions as the Source. – American Gothic in the palette of Mona Lisa: Rearrange the pixels

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