Glorious Gification of HipChat Rooms

To counter yesterday’s post on Iterating the GitHub API, how about something a little more lighthearted today: GIFs1.

Animated GIFs are an amusing–if arguably useful–way of communicating. But hey, if something is worth doing, it’s worth OVERDOING, no2?

So I wrote a script to upload my entire collection of GIFs to a HipChat room3:

#!/usr/bin/env python3

import os
import random
import re
import requests
import sys
import time

ACCESS_TOKEN = '{redacted}'
ROOM_ID = 8675309
GIF_PATH = '{redacted}'
TIMEOUT = 60

from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.mime.image import MIMEImage
from email.mime.text import MIMEText

headers = {
    'Authorization': 'Bearer {}'.format(ACCESS_TOKEN),
    'Accept-Charset': 'UTF-8',
    'Content-Type': 'multipart/related',
}

url = 'https://api.hipchat.com/v2/room/{}/share/file'.format(ROOM_ID)

paths = [
    os.path.join(path, file)
    for path, dirs, files in os.walk(GIF_PATH)
    for file in files
    if file.endswith('.gif')
]
random.shuffle(paths)

for path in paths:
    print(path)

    raw_body = MIMEMultipart('related')
    with open(path, 'rb') as fin:
        img = MIMEImage(fin.read())
        img.add_header(
            'Content-Disposition',
            'attachment',
            name = 'file',
            filename = path.split('/')[-1]
        )
        raw_body.attach(img)

    raw_headers, body = raw_body.as_string().split('\n\n', 1)
    boundary = re.search('boundary="([^"]*)"', raw_headers).group(1)

    headers['Content-Type'] = 'multipart/related; boundary="{}"'.format(boundary)

    r = requests.post(url, data = body, headers = headers)
    time.sleep(TIMEOUT)

The main reason that this script is at all interesting is that the API excepts (and requires) a multipart/related request, but the Requests won’t send one. So instead we have to pull in Python’s email libraries in order to generate the request body. It’s a bit annoying, but an interesting dive into some of the more esoteric details of web requests.

Also, I’ve been on a kick of using slightly more complicated list comprehension:

paths = [
    os.path.join(path, file)
    for path, dirs, files in os.walk(GIF_PATH)
    for file in files
    if file.endswith('.gif')
]

Basically, if you put multiple for loops in a list comprehension body, it will return a single iterable, nested from the first to the last. So this is equivalent to:

paths = []
for path, dirs, files in os.walk(GIF_PATH):
    for file in files:
        if file.endswith('.gif'):
            os.path.join(path, file)

It’s arguable which is more Pythonic (probably the latter), but I do find it interesting what impact writing piles of functional code (Racket) will do to code in other languages.

And, that’s it. Short and sweet. Use responsibly.


  1. gif, not jif [return]
  2. Don’t answer that [return]
  3. Which I am now uploading for the greater goodchaos of all [return]
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